26 / 03 / 2019
Targeting AU-rich element-mediated mRNA decay with a truncated active form of the zinc-finger protein TIS11b/BRF1 impairs major hallmarks of mammary tumorigenesis.
Altered expression of regulatory RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) in cancer leads to abnormal expression of mRNAs encoding many factors involved in cancer hallmarks. While conventional anticancer therapies usually target one pathway at a time, targeting key RBP would affect multiple genes and thus overcome drug resistance. Among the Tristetraprolin family of RBP, TIS11b/BRF1/ZFP36L1 mediates mRNA decay through binding to Adenylate/Uridylate (AU-rich elements) in mRNA 3'-untranslated region and recruitment of mRNA degradation enzymes.
07 / 03 / 2019
Automated exploration of Gene Ontology term and pathway networks with ClueGO-REST.
Large scale technologies produce massive amounts of experimental data that need to be investigated. To improve their biological interpretation we have developed ClueGO, a Cytoscape App that selects representative Gene Onology terms and pathways for one or multiple lists of genes/proteins and visualizes them into functionally organized networks. Because of its reliability, userfriendliness and support of many species ClueGO gained a large community of users. To further allow scientists programmatic access...
27 / 02 / 2019
Environmental Health Perspectives
The Role of Peroxisome Proliferator–Activated Receptor Gamma (PPARγ) in Mono(2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate (MEHP)-Mediated Cytotrophoblast Differentiation.
Phthalates are environmental contaminants commonly used as plasticizers in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products. Recently, exposure to phthalates has been associated with preterm birth, low birth weight, and pregnancy loss. There is limited information about the possible mechanisms linking maternal phthalate exposure and placental development, but one such mechanism may be mediated by peroxisome proliferator–activated receptor γ (PPARγ). PPARγ belongs to the nuclear receptor superfamily that regulates, in a ligand-dependent ...
19 / 02 / 2019
Journal of Virology
Cross-Presentation of Skin-Targeted Recombinant Adeno-associated Virus 2/1 Transgene Induces Potent Resident Memory CD8+ T Cell Responses.
A key aspect to consider for vaccinal protection is the induction of a local line of defense consisting of nonrecirculating tissue-resident memory T cells (TRM), in parallel to the generation of systemic memory CD8+ T cell responses. The potential to induce TRM has now been demonstrated for a number of pathogens and viral vectors. This potential, however, has never been tested for recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vectors, which are weakly inflammatory and poor transducer of dendritic cells. Using a model rAAV2/1-based ...
12 / 02 / 2019
Novel function of PiT1/SLC20A1 in LPS-related inflammation and wound healing.
PiT1/SLC20A1 is an inorganic phosphate transporter with additional functions including the regulation of TNFα-induced apoptosis, erythropoiesis, cell proliferation and insulin signaling. Recent data suggest a relationship between PiT1 and NF-κB-dependent inflammation: (i) Pit1 mRNA is up-regulated in the context of NF-κB pathway activation; (ii) NF-κB target gene transcription is decreased in PiT1-deficient conditions. This led us to investigate the role of PiT1 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation. MCP-1 ...
29 / 01 / 2019
MreB Forms Subdiffraction Nanofilaments during Active Growth in Bacillus subtilis.
The actin-like MreB protein is a key player of the machinery controlling the elongation and maintenance of the cell shape of most rod-shaped bacteria. This protein is known to be highly dynamic, moving along the short axis of cells, presumably reflecting the movement of cell wall synthetic machineries during the enzymatic assembly of the peptidoglycan mesh. The ability of MreB proteins to form polymers is not debated, but their structure, length, and conditions of establishment have remained unclear and the subject of conflicting ...